Family: Rubiaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Biolem (Sylhet).

Description of the plant:
A large shrub or small tree, 4.5-6 m high, with spinescent abortive branches. Leaves membranous, 3.8-7.5 cm long, elliptic-obovate or oblanceolate. Male flowers fascicled, under 1.3 cm diam., female, 7.5-13 mm, solitary, sessile, with very short lobes, both campanulate. Fruits 2-3.2 cm diam., ellipsoid or subglobose, obscurely 5-ridged.

Using information:
The fruits are used as a cathartic and anthelminitic. It is also fish poison and larvicidal (Yusuf et al. 2009).

In deciduous forests of Sylhet, Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts.

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