GARCINIA XANTHOCHYMUS Hook. f.

Family: Clusiaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Dephal, Dambel, Tamal.

Tribal name: Dem-gola (Chakma); Aruak (Garo).

Description of the plant:
A medium-sized, glabrous, deciduous tree with narrow crown. Leaves coriaceous, 20-45 cm long, linear-oblong or oblong-lanceolate, shining. Flowers white, 19 mm diam., in fascicles of 4-8 from the axils of fallen leaves. Fruit as large as a middle-sized apple, smooth, very short-pointed at the apex, deep yellow when ripe.

Using information:
Fruits are anthelmintic and cardiotonic; improves appetite. Ripe fruit is tonic, invigorating and alexipharmac; good in heart trouble and biliousness. A sherbat made with “Amsul” (sun-dried slices of the fruit), with a little rock-salt, pepper, cumin, ginger and sugar, is administered in bilious conditions (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Xanthochymol present in the fruit is antibacterial against Streptococcus faecallis and Klebsiella pneumoniae; action is better than tetracycline (Asolkar et al., 1992).


GARCINIA XANTHOCHYMUS
GARCINIA XANTHOCHYMUS Hook. f.


Chemical constituents:
Xanthochymol, isoxanthochymol, cambogin, volkensiflavone, morelloflavone, biflavones GB-1 and GB-1a, maclurin, 1,5-dihydroxyxanthone and 1,7-dihydroxyxanthone have been isolated from fruits (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
Forests of Chittagong Hill Tracts and Cox’s Bazar.


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