Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Dephal, Dambel, Tamal.
Tribal name: Dem-gola (Chakma); Aruak (Garo).
Description of the plant:
A medium-sized, glabrous, deciduous tree with narrow crown. Leaves coriaceous, 20-45 cm long, linear-oblong or oblong-lanceolate, shining. Flowers white, 19 mm diam., in fascicles of 4-8 from the axils of fallen leaves. Fruit as large as a middle-sized apple, smooth, very short-pointed at the apex, deep yellow when ripe.
Fruits are anthelmintic and cardiotonic; improves appetite. Ripe fruit is tonic, invigorating and alexipharmac; good in heart trouble and biliousness. A sherbat made with “Amsul” (sun-dried slices of the fruit), with a little rock-salt, pepper, cumin, ginger and sugar, is administered in bilious conditions (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Xanthochymol present in the fruit is antibacterial against Streptococcus faecallis and Klebsiella pneumoniae; action is better than tetracycline (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Xanthochymol, isoxanthochymol, cambogin, volkensiflavone, morelloflavone, biflavones GB-1 and GB-1a, maclurin, 1,5-dihydroxyxanthone and 1,7-dihydroxyxanthone have been isolated from fruits (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Forests of Chittagong Hill Tracts and Cox’s Bazar.