Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Mouri, Sop, Pan Muhori.
English name: Fenel.
Description of the plant:
Tall, glabrous, aromatic herb, 1-2 m high. Leaves 3 or 4 times pinnate, with very narrow, linear or subulate segments. Umbels rather large, of 15, 20 or more rays, more or less glaucous. Flowers small, yellow. Fruits about 6 mm long, oblong-ellipsoid, the vittae very conspicuous.
The seeds are carminative, diuretic, laxative, appetizer, stomachic and anthelmintic; cures eye diseases, burning sensation, fever, thirst, dysentery and flatulence; useful in diseases of the spleen, kidney, amenorrhoea, cough and asthma. Seed oil is a good vermicide against hook-worms. Leaves are considered diuretic and the roots as purgative (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Fruits and seeds contain 1.5-3% essential and 9-21% fixed oils. The essential oil is rich in polymers of anethone, coumarin, xanthotoxin, bergapten, psoralen, scoparone and vanillin. Essential oil also contains α-pinene, camphene, α-phellandrene, limonene, fenchone, methylchavicol, anethole, anisaldehyde and p-anisic acid. Seed fat contains an octadecenoic acid and arachidic esters. Leaves and fruits contain flavonoids. Root contains essential oil, coumarins, including umbelliferone and bergapten (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993). Nelumboside also has been isolated from leaves (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Cultivated as a spice in many areas of the country.