Family: Fabaceae

Tribal name: Eyami mana (Marma), Kamarmina (Chakma).

Description of the plant:
An erect much-branched shrub about 2 m high. Leaves 1-foliolate, subcoriaceous, 9-14 cm long, ovate-oblong, acute. Flowers small, white, in axillary and terminal simple or branched racemes, 7.5-15 cm long, closely arranged along a slender, zigzag rachis, and enclosed, by broadly orbicular-ovate large bracts. Pods 10 mm long, oblong, turgid, mucronate.

Using information:
Roots are used in epilepsy, hysteria and to induce sleep; pounded roots are given in fever. The leaves are used as a vermifuge for children. The Marma tribe uses this plant as fly repellent; decoction of the leaf is taken orally by them to cure body swellings due to cessation of menstruation; bath taken with leaf-boiled water has similar effect. The plant is also used for rheumatic fever (Yusuf et al. 2009).


Chemical constituents:
Leaves contain leptosidin glucoside, leptosin, also phloridizin and naringin. Roots contain chalcones, n-triacontane and β-sitosterol (Ghani, 2003). Quercitrin, rutin and quercimeritrin have been obtained from leaves, stems and flowers (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox’s Bazar and Sylhet.

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