Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Tribal name: Eyami mana (Marma), Kamarmina (Chakma).
Description of the plant:
An erect much-branched shrub about 2 m high. Leaves 1-foliolate, subcoriaceous, 9-14 cm long, ovate-oblong, acute. Flowers small, white, in axillary and terminal simple or branched racemes, 7.5-15 cm long, closely arranged along a slender, zigzag rachis, and enclosed, by broadly orbicular-ovate large bracts. Pods 10 mm long, oblong, turgid, mucronate.
Roots are used in epilepsy, hysteria and to induce sleep; pounded roots are given in fever. The leaves are used as a vermifuge for children. The Marma tribe uses this plant as fly repellent; decoction of the leaf is taken orally by them to cure body swellings due to cessation of menstruation; bath taken with leaf-boiled water has similar effect. The plant is also used for rheumatic fever (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Leaves contain leptosidin glucoside, leptosin, also phloridizin and naringin. Roots contain chalcones, n-triacontane and β-sitosterol (Ghani, 2003). Quercitrin, rutin and quercimeritrin have been obtained from leaves, stems and flowers (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox’s Bazar and Sylhet.