Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: Flemingia stricta Roxb.
Bengali/vernacular name: Charchara.
Tribal name: Uskura, Khaskura, Harsanga (Chakma), Myumokambochoke (Tripura), Sailaibang, Sai Kheu, Si Pa Desha (Marma).
Description of the plant:
A sparingly branched tall shrub with woody triquetrous branches. Leaves digitately 3-foliate; leaflets subcoriaceous, 15-30 cm long, lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, gradually short apex. Racemes dense, 7-10 cm long, oblong-cylindrical, often fascicled. Pod 12-15 mm long
Root juice of this plant along with tuber of Staphania japonica is used to treat asthma; powder of the root is used as an ingredient in the treatment of menstrual irregularities (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Red pigments – flemingins A, B, C, D and homoflemingin have been isolated from seed pod. Four chromenoflavanone –flemichin A, B, C, D and three flavanones –flemiflavanones A, B, C have been isolated from roots. Vicenin-2, reynoutrin, rutin, myricitrin, robinin and two isomeric chalcones – homoflemingin and flemiwallichin C have been isolated from leaves. Tetrahydroxyisoflavone, lupeol, α-amyrin, procyanidin, sitosterol and its glucoside have been isolated from wood and bark (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Evergreen forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts and Sylhet.