FICUS HISPIDA L. f.

Family: Moraceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Kakdumur, Khoksha-dumur, Dumur, Dhungri, Thoska.

Tribal name: Tammang gaas (Tanchangya), Dhumur gula (Chakma), Fah shai ba (Marma), Thainjang (Tripura), Luhuk (Murong)

Description of the plant:
A very hispid small deciduous tree. Leaves 10-30 cm long, membranous, ovate, oblong or sub obovate, apiculate or shortly and abruptly acuminate, the lower surface hispid-pubescent, the upper hispid-scabrid. Receptacles 1.3-2.5 cm across, turbinate, obovoid or subpyriform, hispid, yellowish when ripe.

Using information:
All parts of the plant are cooling, astringent to the bowels and antidysenteric; useful in ulcers, biliousness, psoriasis, anaemia, piles, jaundice, haemorrhage of the nose and mouth. Fruit, seeds and bark are purgative, emetic, lactagogue and tonic. Fruits are also cooling and astringent. To stop menstrual hemorrhage, Marma give root juice along with rice-soaked water. Fruits are used by the tribal of Khagrachari to reduce blood pressure (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Chemical constituents:
Bark contains tannins and saponin glycosides. Leaves contain bergapten, psoralen, β-amyrin and β-sitosterol. Fruits contain protein, ascorbic acid, carbohydrates and minerals. The plant also contains 10-keto-tetracosylarachidate. Hydrocarbons present on the leaf surface have also been studied (Ghani, 2003).


FICUS HISPIDA
FICUS HISPIDA L. f.


Distribution:
Very common throughout Bangladesh in homestead and village thickets.


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