Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Batul, Bolas, Batta, Harua, Urmel; Batley (Sunderbans); Melgota, Mel (Chittagong).
Description of the plant:
A small evergreen to semi-deciduous, tree with milky juice. Leaves 2.5-10 cm long, oblong to elliptically oblong, serrulate or crenate-serrulate, glabrous. Flowers small, yellowish, forming glabrous racemes at the end of the branchlets or of the axillary shoots. Capsules dry and woody, almost globular, usually 3-coccus.
Fruits and seeds are very poisonous and are used as a fish poison. A decoction of the root bark possesses purgative and emetic properties and is said to be used in insanity and hydrophobia.
A weakly basic compound, mp. 271°, along with three minor components, I, mp. 274°, II, mp. 274º and III, mp. 271° have been isolated from the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Chittagong, Khulna, and other coastal districts near canals and ditches.