EXCOECARIA INDICA (Willd.) Muell.-Arg.

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Batul, Bolas, Batta, Harua, Urmel; Batley (Sunderbans); Melgota, Mel (Chittagong).

Description of the plant:
A small evergreen to semi-deciduous, tree with milky juice. Leaves 2.5-10 cm long, oblong to elliptically oblong, serrulate or crenate-serrulate, glabrous. Flowers small, yellowish, forming glabrous racemes at the end of the branchlets or of the axillary shoots. Capsules dry and woody, almost globular, usually 3-coccus.

Using information:
Fruits and seeds are very poisonous and are used as a fish poison. A decoction of the root bark possesses purgative and emetic properties and is said to be used in insanity and hydrophobia.


EXCOECARIA INDICA
EXCOECARIA INDICA (Willd.) Muell.-Arg.


Chemical constituents:
A weakly basic compound, mp. 271°, along with three minor components, I, mp. 274°, II, mp. 274º and III, mp. 271° have been isolated from the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Availabaility:
Chittagong, Khulna, and other coastal districts near canals and ditches.