Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Makhna, Kanta Padma, Kanta Makhna.
English name: Fox nut.
Description of the plant:
A densely prickly aquatic herb with thick rootstocks. Leaves peltate, corrugate, 0.3-1.2 m across, elliptic or orbicular, green above, downy, deep bluish purple beneath, with strong spiny ribs. Petiole long, wavy, spiny. Flowers 2.5-5 cm long, bright red inside, green and shining outside. Fruit spongy, spiny, 5-10 cm diam.
Seeds are tonic, astringent, deobstruent and aphrodisiac; good in dysmenorrhoea and restrain seminal gleet. Flowers are tonic and aphrodisiac; restrain seminal gleet. Leaves are good for rheumatism (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Acylated steryl glycosides have been isolated from this plant. Seed contains starch, protein, vitamins and minerals (Ghani, 2003).
Beels and Haors of Kishoregonj and Sylhet.