Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Lanka Sij, Latadaona, Jalasij.
English name: Milk Bush, Milk Hedge, Indian Tree Spurge.
Description of the plant:
A much branched small tree with cylindric, green, whorled or fascicled branchlets and white latex. Small linear-oblong leaves appear in the rainy season, 6-13 mm long. Involucres clustered in the forks of the branchlets, shortly pedicelled, mostly female, campanulate.
Juice of the stem is purgative and carminative; useful in gonorrhoea, whooping cough, asthma, dropsy, leprosy, enlarged spleen, dyspepsia, jaundice, colic, tumours and stone in the bladder. The latex is vesicant and rubefacient; used as an application to warts, rheumatism, neuralgia and toothache. It acts as a purgative in small doses, but in large doses it is an acrid irritant and emetic. The root is used as a vesicant (Yusuf et al. 2009).
EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts possesses antiprotozoal, and antifungal activity (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Latex contains a number of diterpenes, macrocyclic diterpenes, tirucalline and ingol esters and triterpenes, euphorbin, cycloeuphordenol and cycloeuphornol. Stems contain resin, gum, hentriacontane, hentriacontanol, taraxerone, tirucallol, β-sitosterol, ellagic acid and a glycoside (Ghani, 2003). Plant also contains 3,4,3´-tri-o-methylellagic acid. Fresh latex of the plant contains triterpenoids euphorbinol and cycloeuphomol (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993; Asolkar et al., 1992).
Cultivated in gardens.