EUPHORBIA TIRUCALLI L.

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Lanka Sij, Latadaona, Jalasij.
English name: Milk Bush, Milk Hedge, Indian Tree Spurge.

Description of the plant:
A much branched small tree with cylindric, green, whorled or fascicled branchlets and white latex. Small linear-oblong leaves appear in the rainy season, 6-13 mm long. Involucres clustered in the forks of the branchlets, shortly pedicelled, mostly female, campanulate.

Using information:
Juice of the stem is purgative and carminative; useful in gonorrhoea, whooping cough, asthma, dropsy, leprosy, enlarged spleen, dyspepsia, jaundice, colic, tumours and stone in the bladder. The latex is vesicant and rubefacient; used as an application to warts, rheumatism, neuralgia and toothache. It acts as a purgative in small doses, but in large doses it is an acrid irritant and emetic. The root is used as a vesicant (Yusuf et al. 2009).

EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts possesses antiprotozoal, and antifungal activity (Asolkar et al., 1992).


EUPHORBIA TIRUCALLI
EUPHORBIA TIRUCALLI L.


Chemical constituents:
Latex contains a number of diterpenes, macrocyclic diterpenes, tirucalline and ingol esters and triterpenes, euphorbin, cycloeuphordenol and cycloeuphornol. Stems contain resin, gum, hentriacontane, hentriacontanol, taraxerone, tirucallol, β-sitosterol, ellagic acid and a glycoside (Ghani, 2003). Plant also contains 3,4,3´-tri-o-methylellagic acid. Fresh latex of the plant contains triterpenoids euphorbinol and cycloeuphomol (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993; Asolkar et al., 1992).

Distribution:
Cultivated in gardens.