Family: Euphorbiaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Shwet kerui, Dudhiya, Swetkan.

Description of the plant:
A small, slender, annual prostrate herb, more or less hispidly pubescent. Leaves opposite, very small, 3-6 mm long, obliquely oblong or elliptic-oblong, erenulate. Involucres axillary, solitary or 2-3 in an axil, campanulate, 0.8 mm long. Capsule minute, hairy.

Using information:
The fresh plant is considered vulnerary and galactagogue; used in ophthalmia and other eye troubles, ardor, sores, atrophy, dysentery and Brest pain. It is an effective drug for bronchial asthma. Juice of the plant is used for ringworm, diarrhoea and dysentery; mixed with fresh goat milk is given to cure blood dysentery. Leaves and seeds are astringent, stimulant, anthelmintic and laxative; given to children in bowel complaints. Root is used in amenorrhoea (Yusuf et al. 2009).


Chemical constituents:
Plant contains an essential oil, flavonoids, n-alkanes, n-hexacosanol, two derivatives of deoxyphorbol acetate, ester, sterol, epitaraxerol, euphorbol, methylene cycloartenol, quercretin galactoside and a large number of hydrolisable tannins. Roots contain taraxerol, tirucallol and other sterols (Ghani, 2003).

Throughout Bangladesh in fallow lands.