Family: Euphorbiaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Tiktasij, Nerasij, Bojbaran, Sibgach.
Tribal name: Ji Jong Ba (Marma).
English name: Cactus.

Description of the plant:
A large shrub or small, spinous tree, 4.5-9 m high, with white latex; branches numerous curving upwards, stout, fleshy, green, jointed, with 3-5 wide thick sinuate wings. Leaves small, 6-13 mm long, subsessile, obovate-oblong, fleshy, soon deciduous; stipular spines short, divaricate. Involucres hemispherical, yellow, 3-nate, forming small pedunculate cymes in the sinuses, the central flower sessile, female.

Using information:
Latex of the branches is drastic purgative; used in rheumatism, toothache, nervine diseases, dropsy, whitlow, deafness and amaurosis; popular application for warts and other cutaneous affection. Juice of the stem is used to cure earache. Decoction of stem bark is given in gout. The core of the stem is administered in dysentery and in febrile conditions. Expressed juice of roasted stem, mixed with honey and borax is given in small doses to promote the expectoration of phlegm. Root bark is purgative (Yusuf et al. 2009).

EtOH(50%) extract of the stem spasmogenic (Asolkar et al., 1992).


Chemical constituents:
Latex present in branches contains β-amyrin, cycloartenol, euphol, euphadienol and euphorbol. Juice contains diterpene esters, euphorbin. Stem-bark and latex contain triterpenoids, taraxerol and taraxerone, friedelanol and epi-friedelanol, euphol. Roots also contain taraxerol. (Ghani, 2003, Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

Occasionally planted.