Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Tera (Chittagong).
Tribal name: Kom Hing (Murong).
Description of the plant:
A tall, leafy, perennial herb, up to 2 m high, with stout, copiously stoloniferous aromatic rhizome. Leaves 30-45 cm long, oblong, lanceolate, glabrous. Spikes about 8 cm long, red, oblong, narrowed at both ends, few-flowered, submerged mostly in the soil. Lip of the flower 5 cm long, oblong, bright red and yellow, deflexed, folded below the middle.
Pieces of rhizomes are chewed with betel leaf to cure sore throat in Hathazari area of Chittagong (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Fresh leaves contain 0.15% essential oil, composed of about 39 compoments; majors are eucalyptol (39.69%), β-pinene (13.34%), α-pinene (7.80%), linalool (7.39%), β-elemene, α- selinene, β-terpinyl acetate, α-phellandrene and juniper camphor. Fresh rhizome contains 0.4% essential oil with Fennel like smell, composed of about 19 components; majors are methyl chevicol (49.93%), methyl eugenol (32.3%), β-pinene, asarone, eucalyptol and α-pinene (Yusuf, 1999).
Hill forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts and Moulvi Bazar.