Bengali/vernacular name: Sadimodi, Mechitra, Sadusi.
Tribal name: Plowi Pang (Muromg); Bel Naw Nuh (Bawm); Fao Ma (Marma); Dandha Upon (Tanchangya).

Description of the plant:
A glabrous slender herb, 30-40 cm high, erect or diffuse. Leaves very variable; the lower petioled, lyrate or obovate, toothed or entire; the cauline more or less amplexicaul and auricled, usually acute. Heads few, reaching 1.3 cm long, laxly corymbose; flowers purplish.


Using information:
Decoction of plant is febrifuge and antipyretic; used in infantile tympanites and bowel complaints. Juice of leaves is cooling; prescribed in eye inflammations and night blindness. In Gold Coast, the leaves are mixed with guinea grains and limes and are used to cure sore throat. Root is used in diarrhoea (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Chemical constituents:
The plant contains a number of pyrrolizidine alkaloids. It also contains simiaral, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, palmitic acid and triacontanoic acid. Ethanolic extract of aerial parts contains triacontane, n-hexacosanol, ursolic acid and flavonoids including rutin (Ghani, 2003).

Throughout Bangladesh in fallow lands.