ELEUSINE INDICA (L.) Gaertn.

Family: Poaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Malangakuri, Malankuri.
Tribal name: Saug Oong Marak (Marma).
English name: Crowfoot Grass, Crab Grass.

Description of the plant:
An annual grass, 30-60 cm high, tufted, slightly compressed. Leaves distichous, flat or folded, as long as the stem, linear. Spikes 2-7 or more, 5-12.5 cm long, with sometimes one or two detached spikes below the umbel, digitate, suberect.


ELEUSINE INDICA
ELEUSINE INDICA (L.) Gaertn.


Using information:
The whole plant, especially the root is considered diaphoretic and antipyretic. Decoction of plant is used for convulsion in children. It is much used in liver complaints (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Chemical constituents:
Plant contains cyanogenetic glucoside, triglochinin, ochratoxin A and α-amylase inhibitors. Grains contain albuminoids, starch and fatty oil. Seed coat contains phenolic compounds and flavonoids (Ghani, 2003). Orientin, isoorientin, vitexin, isovitexin, saponarin, violanthin, lucenin-1 and tricin are found in leaves (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
Throughout Bangladesh in fallow lands.