Family: Asteraceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Gojialata, Shamdalan, Gejiashak.
Tribal name: Sangkhate, Sangkhala, Pru Suang (Marma); Hatichada (Chakma); Marmai (Murong).
English name: Prickly Leaved Elephant’s Foot, Elephant’s Foot.

Description of the plant:
Erect herb, up to 38 cm high; rootstock short, giving off many stout fibrous roots. Leaves 12.5-20 cm long, mostly radical forming a spreading rosette on the ground, obovate-oblong, coarsely serrate-dentate, hairy. Heads numerous, sessile, closely packed, forming a large flat-topped terminal inflorescence, nearly 2.5 cm across, and surrounded at the base by three large, broadly ovate, leafy bract. Flowers small, violet.

Using information:
The herb is diuretic, laxative, analgesic, alterative, ferbrifuge, cardiac and brain tonic; used in griping, inflammations and bronchitis. Paste of the whole herb with Scoparia dulcis is made into pills and given in the treatment of menorrhagia by the Marma. Root is used in fever and to arrest vomiting. Leaves are used in piles. Bruised leaves boiled in coconut oil are applied to ulcers and eczema. The flowers are aphrodisiac, tonic and expectorant; cures biliousness, liver troubles and cough. Decoction of the roots and leaves are emollient; given in dysuria, diarrhoea and dysentery. Root paste is applied in rheumatism, and with mustard oil given in amoebic dysentery (Yusuf et al. 2009).

EtOH(50%) extract of the plant showed anticancer activities (Asolkar et al., 1992).


Chemical constituents:
Plant contains a germancranolide, elephantopin and two quinic acid esters (4,5-dicaffeoyl quinic acid and 3,5-dicaffeoyl quinic acid) which are aldose reductase inhibitors (Ghani, 2003). Epifriedelinol, lupeol, stigmasterol and a mixture of triacontan-1-ol and dotriacontan-1-ol isolated from the plant. It also contains a sesquiterpene dilactone-isodeoxyelephantopin (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).

Forest of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Dhaka, Tangail and Cox’s Bazer.