ELAEOCARPUS SPHAERICUS (Gaertn.) K. Schum.

Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb.
Family: Elaeocarpaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Rudrakkha, Rudrakhia; Ludrai (Sylhet).
Tribal name: Dubichi (Chakma), Ludrak (Garo).
English name: Bead Tree.

Description of the plant:
A tall evergreen tree, usually butressed at the base. Leaves 10-15 cm long, oblong-lanceolate, acute or acuminate, obscurely and irregularly crenate-serrate or subentire. Racemes 5-7.5 cm long, from the old wood; flowers small, petals 8 mm long, oblong, laciniate about half way down, ciliolate. Drupes 1.3-2 cm diam., globose or somewhat obovoid, purple.

Using information:
Fruits are heating; useful in the diseases of the head and epileptic fits. EtOH(50%) extract of stem bark is hypoglycaemic. Aquous extract of fruits is hypotensive, sedative, anticonvulsant, spasmolytic, choleretic, bronchodialatory and cardiostimulant (Asolkar et al., 1992).


ELAEOCARPUS SPHAERICUS
ELAEOCARPUS SPHAERICUS (Gaertn.) K. Schum.


Chemical constituents:
Leaves contain different types of alkaloids including 7 isomeric form of elaeocarpiline, elaeocarpidine, dl-élaeocarpine, quercetin, gallic acid, ellagic acid, rudrakine etc. (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Distribution:
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Sylhet.