Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Jalpai; Belphoi (Sylhet).
Description of the plant:
Small tree. Leaves 5-11.5 cm, oblong or obovate, obtuse, acute or shortly acuminate, irregularly crenate. Flowers in drooping racemes, 5-7.5 cm long, in the axils of fallen leaves; petals 8 mm long, white, cuneate-obovate, laciniate half way down. Drupes 2.5-3.2 cm long, oblong, narrowed at the base, bluntly pointed at the apex.
Leaves are used in rheumatism. Fruits are prescribed in dysentery and diarrhoea. Infusion of the bark and leaves are used as a mouth-wash for inflammed gums (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Leaves contain vitamin C, myricetin, myricitrin, mearnsetin and ellagic acid. Fruits contain tannin and large amount of plant acids including citric acid (Ghani, 2003, Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Occur in the forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Sylhet, North Bengal. Also cultivated throughout the country.