Elaeocarpus seratus L.
Family: Elaeocarpaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Jalpai; Belphoi (Sylhet).

Description of the plant:
Small tree. Leaves 5-11.5 cm, oblong or obovate, obtuse, acute or shortly acuminate, irregularly crenate. Flowers in drooping racemes, 5-7.5 cm long, in the axils of fallen leaves; petals 8 mm long, white, cuneate-obovate, laciniate half way down. Drupes 2.5-3.2 cm long, oblong, narrowed at the base, bluntly pointed at the apex.

Using information:
Leaves are used in rheumatism. Fruits are prescribed in dysentery and diarrhoea. Infusion of the bark and leaves are used as a mouth-wash for inflammed gums (Yusuf et al. 2009).


Chemical constituents:
Leaves contain vitamin C, myricetin, myricitrin, mearnsetin and ellagic acid. Fruits contain tannin and large amount of plant acids including citric acid (Ghani, 2003, Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Occur in the forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Sylhet, North Bengal. Also cultivated throughout the country.