Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Kachuripana, Jarmuni.
Tribal name: Dorear pena (Tripura).
English name: Water-hyacinth.
Description of the plant:
Aquatic, free floating herb, sending down a large bunch of long fibrous roots from a very short, leafy, main stem. Petioles spongy, very much swollen in young plants. Leaf-blades broadly ovate or rhomboid, shallowly cordate or rounded at the base, quite glabrous. Inflorescence spiciform, erect, peduncled, bearing 10-20 showy flowers; petals 6, lilac-blue, posterior lobe with a bright yellow median blotch.
For the treatment of goiter the plant juice is given orally and poultice of the plant pulp externally for three months. Shoot extract showed gibberellin-like activity (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Root contains bound auxin. Plant releases mercury. Flowers yield anthocyanin - eichhornin, characterized as delphinidin-3-diglucoside. Flowers and rhizomes contain quercetin, compesterol, β-sitosterol & stigmasterol (Asolkar et al., 1992). Fresh leaves contain 51.1-57.6 mg of carotene per kg (Anon, 1952).
Throughout the country in ditches, lakes and ponds.