ECLIPTA ALBA (L.) Hassk.

Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.
Family: Asteraceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Kesuti, Kesraj, Kalokeshi, Bhimraj.
Tribal name: Bahushi, Krongmy ( Marma), Aang-kuntuei (Khumi), Bakcheine (Bawm), Kalasona, Kalahuna (Chakma).

Description of the plant:
A slender, diffuse or suberect herb; stem and branches strigose with appressed white hairs. Leaves sessile, 2.5-7.5 cm long, oblong-lanceolate, subentire, acute, sparsely strigose with appressed hairs on both sides. Heads 6-8 mm diam., solitary or 2 together on unequal axillary peduncles; ray-flowers ligulate, white.

Using information:
Plant is tonic, antipyretic, stomachic, anthelmintic, pectoral, anti-asthmatic and expectorant; cures inflammations, hernias, eye diseases, bronchitis, asthma, leucoderma, anaemia, itching, night blindness; improves the colour of the hair and promote growth. It is also used as a tonic and deobstruent in hepatic and splenic enlargements, loss of appetite, acidity and heart burn. The fresh juice of the leaves is rubbed on the shaven scalp for promoting hair growth and resist hairfall.

It is also used for jaundice, fevers, sores, skin diseases, elephantiasis and checking haemorrhages and fluxes and strengthening the gums. Pounded leaves mixed with cold water are drunk to cure constipation. Leaf paste is applied over boils to heal by the Chakma tribe. The roots are given to relieve the scalding of urine. Plant is useful in liver and gall-bladder ailments. Powder of the plant cure patients suffering from infective hepatitis. Aquous extract of leaf is myocardial depressant and hypotensive. (Yusuf et al. 2009).


ECLIPTA ALBA
ECLIPTA ALBA (L.) Hassk.


Chemical constituents:
The plant contains an alkaloid, ecliptine. Leaves have been reported to contain saponins, including α-terthienylmethanol, β-amyrin, wedelolactone, demethyl wedelolactone, its 7-O-glucoside, triterpene glycosides, stigmasterol and a small amount of 2-formyl-terthienyl. Aerial parts of Egyptian plant contain β-amyrin, wedelactone, luteolin-7-glucoside, phytosterol A, its glucoside and glycoside of a triterpenic acid.

A furanoid diterpene, columbin, has been isolated from the plant. (Ghani, 2003). Sixteen new biologically close related polyacetylenic thiophenes (I-XVI) have also been isolated from this plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
Throughout Bangladesh in fallow lands.