ECBOLIUM VIRIDE (Forsk.) Alst.

Ecbolium linnaenum Kurz.
Family: Acanthaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Udajati, Nilkanta, Uduzha.

Description of the plant:
A small shrub with erect branches. Leaves large, 11.5-15 cm, oblong-oval or lanceolate, tapering to base. Flowers large, sessile, in opposite pairs, spikes nearly sessile, 5-25 cm long; corolla tube 3.8 cm, slightly dilated and laterally compressed at throat.


ECBOLIUM  VIRID
ECBOLIUM VIRIDE (Forsk.) Alst.


Using information:
All parts of the plant are used for gout and dysuria. Decoction of the leaves is given for stricture. Roots are used for jaundice, menorrhagia and rheumatism. Roots and leaves together are used against tumours (Yusuf et al. 2009).

EtOH(50%) extract of the plant possesses cardiovascular effects (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical constituents:
Leaves, roots and flowers contain orientin, vitexin, isoorientin, isovitexin. They also contain glycoflavones and other flavones (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution:
South and eastern part of the country.