Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Udajati, Nilkanta, Uduzha.
Description of the plant:
A small shrub with erect branches. Leaves large, 11.5-15 cm, oblong-oval or lanceolate, tapering to base. Flowers large, sessile, in opposite pairs, spikes nearly sessile, 5-25 cm long; corolla tube 3.8 cm, slightly dilated and laterally compressed at throat.
All parts of the plant are used for gout and dysuria. Decoction of the leaves is given for stricture. Roots are used for jaundice, menorrhagia and rheumatism. Roots and leaves together are used against tumours (Yusuf et al. 2009).
EtOH(50%) extract of the plant possesses cardiovascular effects (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Leaves, roots and flowers contain orientin, vitexin, isoorientin, isovitexin. They also contain glycoflavones and other flavones (Ghani, 2003).
South and eastern part of the country.