Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Putranjib, Jia puta.
Description of the plant:
An evergreen low tree with pendent branches. Leaves coriaceous, 6.3-10 cm long, dark green, shining, elliptic-oblong, acute, obtuse, shortly acuminate. Male flowers crowded in axillary clusters on the main or on short axillary branches. Female flowers 1-3 in an axil. Drupe small, 1.3-2 mm long, ellipsoid, rounded or pointed at the apex.
The plant is laxative, diuretic, aphrodisiac; useful in biliousness, thirst, burning sensations, erysipelas and elephantiasis, also good for eyes. Decoction of leaves, fruits and stones of the fruits are given in cold, fever and rheumatism (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Fruit pulp contains a large quantity of mannitol, a saponin glucoside and an alkaloid. Seeds contain fatty oil. Kernel contains an essential oil with mustard smell, isothiocyanate yielding glycosides, glucoputranjivin, glucocochlearin, glucojiaputin and glucocleomin. Seed coat yields triterpene saponins, putranjivoside, β-sitosterol and its glucoside and saponins, putranosides A-D.
Leaves contain β-amyrin and its esters, putrone, putrol, putranjivic acid, methyl putrajivate, stigmasterol and hydrocarbons, triterpene roxburghonic acid and biflavones. Bark yields triterpenes - friedelin, friedelanol, roxburgholone, putranjivadione, and putranjic acid and putric acid (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1990). Leaves contain saponins A,B,C and D (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Dhaka, Sylhet, Rajshahi, different Sal forests and planted as avenue tree.