Putranjiva roxburghii Wall.
Family: Euphorbiaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Putranjib, Jia puta.
Tribal name:
English name:

Description of the plant:
An evergreen low tree with pendent branches. Leaves coriaceous, 6.3-10 cm long, dark green, shining, elliptic-oblong, acute, obtuse, shortly acuminate. Male flowers crowded in axillary clusters on the main or on short axillary branches. Female flowers 1-3 in an axil. Drupe small, 1.3-2 mm long, ellipsoid, rounded or pointed at the apex.

Using information:
The plant is laxative, diuretic, aphrodisiac; useful in biliousness, thirst, burning sensations, erysipelas and elephantiasis, also good for eyes. Decoction of leaves, fruits and stones of the fruits are given in cold, fever and rheumatism (Yusuf et al. 2009).


Chemical constituents:
Fruit pulp contains a large quantity of mannitol, a saponin glucoside and an alkaloid. Seeds contain fatty oil. Kernel contains an essential oil with mustard smell, isothiocyanate yielding glycosides, glucoputranjivin, glucocochlearin, glucojiaputin and glucocleomin. Seed coat yields triterpene saponins, putranjivoside, β-sitosterol and its glucoside and saponins, putranosides A-D.

Leaves contain β-amyrin and its esters, putrone, putrol, putranjivic acid, methyl putrajivate, stigmasterol and hydrocarbons, triterpene roxburghonic acid and biflavones. Bark yields triterpenes - friedelin, friedelanol, roxburgholone, putranjivadione, and putranjic acid and putric acid (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1990). Leaves contain saponins A,B,C and D (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Dhaka, Sylhet, Rajshahi, different Sal forests and planted as avenue tree.