Polypodium quercifolium L.
Family: Drynariaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Pankhiraj, Pankha, Garur.
Tribal name: Fo-lo-rere (Marma); Chilo vasa (Chakma).
English name:

Description of the plant:
Epiphytic or lithophytic fern with dimorphic digitate fronds. Rhizome creeping, densely clothed with red-brown scales. Fronds coriaceous or subcoriaceous of two kinds, sterile ones varying in size from 7.5-30 cm or more, cordate-ovate variously lobate-pinnate, green when young, soon turning dark brown; fertile ones 60-90 cm long, petiolate, broad-ovate, deeply pinnatifid.


Using information:
Whole plant is anthelmintic, pectoral, expectorant and tonic; used in the treatment of phthisis, hectic fever, dyspepsia, skin diseases and cough. The fronds are used for cough and poulticing swellings. Rhizome is tonic and astringent to the bowels; used in typhoid; extract is taken by Chakma as a remedy for jaundice and dysentery. Peeled rhizome is chewed or its juice mixed with sugar is taken in scanty urination and spermatorrhoea by the Marma tribe (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Aquous extracts possesses antibacterial properties (Chopra et al., 1992).

All over the country on tree trunk and shady old walls.