Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Paniaphul, Aliar.
Description of the plant:
A shrub, rarely a small tree. Leaves subsessile, simple, 3.8-10 cm long, oblanceolate, subacute or shortly apiculate, glabrous. Flowers greenish yellow, small, in short, few-flowered, axillary, spreading cymes. Capsules membranous, compressed, 1.2-2 cm long and slightly broader, with a wide marginal wing.
Leaves are stimulant and febrifuge; used in rheumatism. Powdered leaves are used in burns and scalds; applied over wounds to heal. Infusion of the leaves is used as a sudorific. The wood in decoction is an astringent bath or fomentation (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Aquous and alcoholic extract of the plant possesses cardioinhibitory and coronary constricting and also spasmolytic, sedative, hypotensive, anthelmintic and antibacterial properties (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Leaves contain hautriwaic acid. Leaves and pods, 3-O-rutinosides of isorhamnetin and quercetin & 3-O-galactoside of later. Bark possess a new isomer of 5, 7, 3′, 4′-tetra-OH-flavan, shikimic and chlorogenic acids and glucose. Yellow flowers contain 2 kaempferol-Me ethers (Asolkar et al.,2003).
Sylhet and Dinajpur.