DODONAEA VISCOSA (L.) Jacq.

Dodonaea angustifolia L.,  Ptelea viscosa L.
Family: Sapindaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Paniaphul, Aliar.
Tribal name:
English name:

Description of the plant:
A shrub, rarely a small tree. Leaves subsessile, simple, 3.8-10 cm long, oblanceolate, subacute or shortly apiculate, glabrous. Flowers greenish yellow, small, in short, few-flowered, axillary, spreading cymes. Capsules membranous, compressed, 1.2-2 cm long and slightly broader, with a wide marginal wing.

Using information:
Leaves are stimulant and febrifuge; used in rheumatism. Powdered leaves are used in burns and scalds; applied over wounds to heal. Infusion of the leaves is used as a sudorific. The wood in decoction is an astringent bath or fomentation (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Aquous and alcoholic extract of the plant possesses cardioinhibitory and coronary constricting and also spasmolytic, sedative, hypotensive, anthelmintic and antibacterial properties (Asolkar et al., 1992).


DODONAEA VISCOSA
DODONAEA VISCOSA (L.) Jacq.


Chemical constituents:
Leaves contain hautriwaic acid. Leaves and pods, 3-O-rutinosides of isorhamnetin and quercetin & 3-O-galactoside of later. Bark possess a new isomer of 5, 7, 3′, 4′-tetra-OH-flavan, shikimic and chlorogenic acids and glucose. Yellow flowers contain 2 kaempferol-Me ethers (Asolkar et al.,2003).

Distribution:
Sylhet and Dinajpur.