Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Duli-garjan, Sil-garjan, Arjan; Dhuli-garjan (Chittagong).
Tribal name: Jangby (Khumi).
Description of the plant:
A tall tree. Leaves 10-26 cm long, elliptic, elliptic-oblong or elliptic-lanceolate, acute or abruptly acuminate, coriaceous, upper surface adpressed hairy when young, lower surface pilose and tomentose. Flowers in axillary few flowered racemes; petals 2.5-4.0 cm long, stellate-tomentose without. Fruit-belly subglobose, wings 11-12.5 cm long.
Oleo-resin of the bark is used in gonorrhoea, gleet and similar affections of urinary organs (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Plant contains sesquiterpene, γ-gurjunene, oleoresin, a mixture of tetra and pentacyclic sesquiterpenes (18%) containing caryophyllene, its oxide, humulene and triterpene fraction (80%) with dipterocarpol and several related compounds, asiatic acid and its 2-Ac derivetives and 2-α- OH-ursolic acid (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Occurance is restricted in the forests of Chittagong Hill Tracts.