Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Garjan, Silgarjan, Dhuli-garjan; Dholi-garjan, Mashkaliya-garjan, Harra-garjan (Chittagong).
Description of the plant:
A lofty evergreen tree with tall cylindric bole and comparatively small crown. Leaves 9-21 cm long, elliptic, or ovate-elliptic, acute or shortly acuminate, coriaceous, nearly glabrous above and stellate-pubescent beneath. Flowers subsessile, in simple, 3-7-flowered, axillary racemes, petals 1.5-2.5 cm long, stellately pubescent. Fruit-belly 1.8-2.5 cm long, wings 7.5-12.5 mm long.
Bark is considered tonic, depurative and prescribed in rheumatism. The oleo-resin of the bark is applied externally in gonorrhoea and ulcerated wounds (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Plant contains essential oil, 2 sesquiterpenes of eudesmane series (Asolkar et al., 1992).
In the forests of Chittagong and Cox’s Bazar.