Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Chupri Alu, Mete Alu, Kamalu, Kham, Kham-alu.
Tribal name: Raing (Tanchangya), Subri Alu (Chakma).
English name: Yam, The Greater Yam, Asiatic Yam.
Description of the plant:
A large twinner, tubers roundish or oblong, white inside. Leaves mostly opposite, 7.5-18 cm long, broadly ovate, cuspidately acuminate, subhastately or deeply cordate. Capsule 2.5 x 3.8 cm, broader than long, of two semicircular flat lobes, retuse at the apex.
The plant is used in constipation. Tubers are anthelmintic; useful in leprosy, piles, fever and gonorrhoea. Leaves are used in rash and itch (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Tuber contains anthocyanins, steroidal glycosides, cholesterol, campesterol, β-sitosterol and stigmasterol, diosgenin, sapogenin, alkaloid and starch. It also contains a number of sterols and trans-crotonic, ferulic and palmitic acids (Ghani, 2003).
Cultivated throughout Bangladesh.