DIMOCARPUS LONGAN Lamk.

Euphoria longan (Lour.) Steud., E. longana Lam., Nephelium longana (Lam.) Camb.
Family: Sapindaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Ashphal.
English name: Burdock Soap nut, Dragon's Eye, Eye ball Tree, Longan.

Description of the plant:
Small tree. Leaves pinnate, 7.5-45 cm long; leaflets 4-8, opposite or sub-alternate, 5-17 cm long, oblong or oblong-elliptic, obtusely acuminate, entire. Racemes simple or branched, shortly pubescent; flowers very small; calyx cup-shaped, 4-5-fid, petals 0. Fruit globose, echinate-muricate; seeds globose, included in a pulpy aril.


DIMOCARPUS LONGAN
DIMOCARPUS LONGAN Lamk.


Using information:
Fruits are stomachic and anthelmintic. Arils of the seeds are astringent; used in fever; dried arils are considered tonic and stimulant (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Chemical constituents:
Leaves contain epifriedelinol, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol and its glucoside and 16-hentriacontanol (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
Planted occationally.