Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Ashphal.
English name: Burdock Soap nut, Dragon's Eye, Eye ball Tree, Longan.
Description of the plant:
Small tree. Leaves pinnate, 7.5-45 cm long; leaflets 4-8, opposite or sub-alternate, 5-17 cm long, oblong or oblong-elliptic, obtusely acuminate, entire. Racemes simple or branched, shortly pubescent; flowers very small; calyx cup-shaped, 4-5-fid, petals 0. Fruit globose, echinate-muricate; seeds globose, included in a pulpy aril.
Fruits are stomachic and anthelmintic. Arils of the seeds are astringent; used in fever; dried arils are considered tonic and stimulant (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Leaves contain epifriedelinol, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol and its glucoside and 16-hentriacontanol (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).