DILLENIA PENTAGYNA Roxb.

Family: Dilleniaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Ajugi, Ajuli (Dhaka-Mymensingh); Hargaza, Hargeza, Argeza Chittagong); Ekush (Sylhet).
Tribal name: Chambruin, Zambrun (Marma); Hara (Chakma).

Description of the plant:
A medium-sized deciduous tree with ascending branches and fluted stem. Leaves very large, oblanceolate, coriaceous, acute, strongly serrate; lateral veins very prominent. Flowers yellow about 4 cm across, appearing profusely in fascicles of 3-8 from leafless branches. Fruit globose, 0.5-2 cm across, very acidic.


DILLENIA PENTAGYNA
DILLENIA PENTAGYNA Roxb.


Using information:
Plant is used in tuberculosis, fistula, sores, carbuncle, neuralgia, pleurisy and pneumonia. Barks and leaves are used for the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery in Rema-Kalenga. Bark is used for blood dysentery in Khagrachari (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Chemical constituents:
Stem contains α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-3-OH-lup-20(29)-en-28-oic acid and a flavonone glycosides. Bark contains lupeol, betulin, betulinic and morolic acids (Asolkar et al.,1992).

Distribution:
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar, Dhaka, Tangail and Sylhet.