Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Ajugi, Ajuli (Dhaka-Mymensingh); Hargaza, Hargeza, Argeza Chittagong); Ekush (Sylhet).
Tribal name: Chambruin, Zambrun (Marma); Hara (Chakma).
Description of the plant:
A medium-sized deciduous tree with ascending branches and fluted stem. Leaves very large, oblanceolate, coriaceous, acute, strongly serrate; lateral veins very prominent. Flowers yellow about 4 cm across, appearing profusely in fascicles of 3-8 from leafless branches. Fruit globose, 0.5-2 cm across, very acidic.
Plant is used in tuberculosis, fistula, sores, carbuncle, neuralgia, pleurisy and pneumonia. Barks and leaves are used for the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery in Rema-Kalenga. Bark is used for blood dysentery in Khagrachari (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Stem contains α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-3-OH-lup-20(29)-en-28-oic acid and a flavonone glycosides. Bark contains lupeol, betulin, betulinic and morolic acids (Asolkar et al.,1992).
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar, Dhaka, Tangail and Sylhet.