DESMODIUM TRIFLORUM (L.) DC.

Family: Fabeceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Kulaliya.
Tribal name: Ya Re Sur Sah (Murong).
English name:

Description of the plant:
A small perennial trailing herb, 15-45 cm long, branches numerous, prostrate, rooting at the nodes. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets obovate, cuneate, 5-6 mm long. Flowers small, pink, 1-5, fascicled in the axils of the leaves. Pods 10-15 mm long, lower edge indented.


DESMODIUM TRIFLORUM
DESMODIUM TRIFLORUM (L.) DC.


Using information:
Plants are used in blindness, eye diseases, sores, whitlow, spleen complaints, stomach trouble, colic, diarrhoea, menorrhagia and breast pain. Leaves are galactagogue and laxative; remedy for diarrhoea, dysentery and convulsion; applied to wounds and abscesses. Roots are considered carminative, tonic, diuretic and used in cough, asthma and bilious complaints (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Chemical constituents:
Leaves contain β-phenylamine (major), indole-3-acetic acid, tyramine, trigonelline, hypaphorine, its methyl ester, N, N-dimethyl tryptophan methyl ester and S-l-stachydrine. Roots contain 3, 4-di-hydroxy phenylethyl trimethyl ammonium cation, choline and betaine. Root also contains an alkaloid hypaphorine (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
All over Bangladesh in fallow lands.