Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Kulaliya.
Tribal name: Ya Re Sur Sah (Murong).
Description of the plant:
A small perennial trailing herb, 15-45 cm long, branches numerous, prostrate, rooting at the nodes. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets obovate, cuneate, 5-6 mm long. Flowers small, pink, 1-5, fascicled in the axils of the leaves. Pods 10-15 mm long, lower edge indented.
Plants are used in blindness, eye diseases, sores, whitlow, spleen complaints, stomach trouble, colic, diarrhoea, menorrhagia and breast pain. Leaves are galactagogue and laxative; remedy for diarrhoea, dysentery and convulsion; applied to wounds and abscesses. Roots are considered carminative, tonic, diuretic and used in cough, asthma and bilious complaints (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Leaves contain β-phenylamine (major), indole-3-acetic acid, tyramine, trigonelline, hypaphorine, its methyl ester, N, N-dimethyl tryptophan methyl ester and S-l-stachydrine. Roots contain 3, 4-di-hydroxy phenylethyl trimethyl ammonium cation, choline and betaine. Root also contains an alkaloid hypaphorine (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
All over Bangladesh in fallow lands.