Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Jutasalpani.
Description of the plant:
A stoutish shrub, 1.2-1.5 m high. Leaves 3-foliolate, 7.5-18 cm long; leaflets ovate-elliptic, obtuse or subacute. Flowers yellow, in axillary or terminal racemes 7.5-25 cm long. Pods 3-6 mm long, indented on both sutures.
Decoction of the bark is used in haemorrhage, diarrhoea, poisoning and eye diseases. Flowers are used in biliousness (Yusuf et al. 2009).
EtOH(50%) extract of the plant is hypotensive and spasmogenic (Asolkar et al.,1992).
The plant contains alkaloids, bufotenin and its methyl ether, N, N-dimethyltryptamine and its oxide, two tryptamine derivatives, gramine, 15 indole-3-alkylamine bases of tryptophan, β-carbolines and several quaternary derivatives. Seeds contain galactomannan and l-glucosyl rhamnoside of physcion. Roots contain betulin, α-amyrin and β-sitosterol (Ghani, 2003).
Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox’s Bazar, Tangail, Dinajpur, Comilla, Mymensingh, Dhaka.