DESMODIUM PULCHELLUM Benth.

Family: Fabeceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Jutasalpani.

Description of the plant:
A stoutish shrub, 1.2-1.5 m high. Leaves 3-foliolate, 7.5-18 cm long; leaflets ovate-elliptic, obtuse or subacute. Flowers yellow, in axillary or terminal racemes 7.5-25 cm long. Pods 3-6 mm long, indented on both sutures.

Using information:
Decoction of the bark is used in haemorrhage, diarrhoea, poisoning and eye diseases. Flowers are used in biliousness (Yusuf et al. 2009).

EtOH(50%) extract of the plant is hypotensive and spasmogenic (Asolkar et al.,1992).


DESMODIUM PULCHELLUM
DESMODIUM PULCHELLUM Benth.


Chemical constituents:
The plant contains alkaloids, bufotenin and its methyl ether, N, N-dimethyltryptamine and its oxide, two tryptamine derivatives, gramine, 15 indole-3-alkylamine bases of tryptophan, β-carbolines and several quaternary derivatives. Seeds contain galactomannan and l-glucosyl rhamnoside of physcion. Roots contain betulin, α-amyrin and β-sitosterol (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution:
Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox’s Bazar, Tangail, Dinajpur, Comilla, Mymensingh, Dhaka.