DESMODIUM GANGETICUM (L.) DC.

Hedysarum gangeticum L., Meibomia gangetica (L.) Kuntze
Family: Fabeceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Salpani, Chalani.
Tribal name: Turki madan (Tanchangya); Bormajal (Chakma).

Description of the plant:
A suberect undershrub, 0.6-1.2 m high. Leaves 1-foliolate, 9-12.5 cm long, ovate, oblong, acute or slightly acuminate. Flowers violet or white, in a copious ascending terminal and axillary racemes, 15-30 cm long. Pods subfalcate, 12-20 mm. long, deeply indented.

Using information:
Roots are alterative, tonic, anthelmintic, aphrodisiac and astringent to the bowels; used in typhoid, fever, piles, asthma, bronchitis, dysentery, diarrhoea, biliousness and cough; also useful in chronic affections  of the chest and lungs. Root extract is used in whooping cough (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Alkaloides of the aerial parts are smooth muscle and CNS stimulant, and cardiac depressant, possesses anticholinesterase activity (Asolkar et al.,1992).


DESMODIUM GANGETICUM
DESMODIUM GANGETICUM (L.) DC.


Chemical constituents:
Aerial parts contain five tryptamine derivatives, Nb-Me-tetrahydroharman and 6-OMe-2-Me- β-carbolinium cation. Root contains alkaloids, N, N-di-methyl-tryptamine and its N-oxide, N-methyltyramine, hypaphorine, candicine, hordenine and a β-phenylethylamine base. Roots also contain several carboxylated and decarboxylated tryptamines and β-alkylamine derivatives, a pterocarpan, pterocarpanoids gangetin, gangetinin and desmodin. Seeds contain β-carboline alkaloid, indole-3-alkylamine, carbolines and five phospholipids. Seeds showed presence of sugars, fatty oil and alkaloids (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
More or less throughout the country in fallow lands.