DERRIS TRIFOLIATA Lour.

Derris uliginosa Benth.
Family: Fabaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Panlata, Pangota, Kalilata, Gilalata, Goalilata.

Description of the plant:
A woody large climber. Leaves imparipinnate, 12.5-20 cm long, leaflets 3-7, subcoriaceous, 5.7-10 cm long, ovate or ovate-oblong. Flowers rose-coloured in axillary racemes, 7.5-15 cm long. Pods 2.5-3.8 cm long, varies in shape from orbicular to oblong.


DERRIS TRIFOLIATA
DERRIS TRIFOLIATA Lour.


Using information:
The plant is used as stimulant, antispasmodic and counter irritant; useful in rheumatism and dysmenorrhoea. In Samoa, leaves are used to treat indigestion. Bark and root is fish poison (Yusuf et al. 2009).

Chemical constituents:
Stem bark contains tannic acid, resins, wax, colouring matters, alkaloidal substance, rotenone, saponin-like glycosides, gum, glucose and minerals. Roots contain rotenone, dehydrorotenone, deguelin, lupeol, toxicarol and a ketone (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution:
Coastal zones of Bangladesh on canal banks.