DERRIS ELLIPTICA Benth.

Family: Fabaceae

Bengali/vernacular name:
Tribal name:
English name:

Description of the plant:
Scrambling shrub. Leaves imperipinnate, 23-38 cm long, leaflets 9-13, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, cuspidate, 7.5-15 cm long. Raceme, 23-25 cm long; corolla rose-pink, 16.5 cm long. Pod oblong to lanceolate, winged on upper suture.

Using information:
Fruit, bark and roots are poisonous to fish. Roots are also larvicidal and insecticidal. Leaves are poisonous to cattle. The Malays use the bark as one of the ingredients in their Ipoh arrow-poison (Yusuf et al. 2009).


DERRIS ELLIPTICA
DERRIS ELLIPTICA Benth.


Chemical constituents:
Leaves contain 2 amino acids of pipecolic acid; tubaic and β-tubaic acids; imino alcohol, 2,5-dihydroxymethyl-3, 4-dihydroxypyrrolidine (Asolkar et al.,1992). Plant also contains glucosides, derrid, anhydro derrid, tubo toxin, derrin. Roots contain rotenone; deguelin, tephrosin, toxicarol, dl-toxicarol and l-elliptone (Chopra et al., 1992). Roots also contain amorphin, tubaic and β-tubaic acids (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
In evergreen forests of Sylhet, Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts.