Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Bara Manda, Bandha, Pharulla.
Tribal name: Porsal (Chakma), Alikhowng (Khumi)
Description of the plant:
A large, bushy branch-parasite. Leaves thick, coriaceous, 7.5-18 cm long, very variable in shape and venation, ovate, elliptic or linear-oblong, obtuse. Flowers in short, spreading stout axillary unilateral racemes. Corolla tubular, curved, 2.5-5 cm long, scarlet or orange or less commonly pink or white. Berry 8-13 mm long, ovoid-oblong, pink.
The bark has narcotic and astringent properties. It is used in wounds and menstrual troubles and also useful in consumption, asthma and mania (Yusuf et al. 2009).
Aquous extract of leaf produces rise in Blood pressure of anaesthetized cat, myocardial effect on frog heart, dose-related contraction in guineapig and contractile response on rat uterus (Asolkar et al.,1992).
Young shoots contain 10% tannin. Leaves contain flavonoids that have hexokinase like activity. Stems contain β-amyrin acetate, oleanolic acid and its methyl ester acetate, β-sitosterol and stigmasterol (Asolkar et al., 1992). Strospeside, neritaloside and odoroside have been isolated from leaves of plants growing on Nerium oleander (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Found as tree parasite throughout the country.