Family: Apiaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Gajor.
English name: Carrot.

Description of the plant:
A biennial herb, with thick, fusiform, orange-yellow root. Leaves triangular or oblong in outline, 2-3 pinnatisect into oblong-lanceolate, incised-dentate segments, those of the upper leaves liner-lanceolate. Flowers small, white in a compound umbels.

Using information:
Rhizomes are antidysenteric, diuretic, carminative, tonic, cardiotonic, aphrodisiac, expectorant, stomachic and astringent to the bowels; cures piles, burning sensation, biliousness and tumours; good for asthma, hiccup, bronchitis, urinary complaints. It is also used as a remedy for leprosy, tumour, jaundice and inflammation of the spleen. Seeds are nervine tonic and aphrodisiac; recommended in dropsy, chronic diarrhoea, menstrual diseases and diseases of kindney. A decoction of carrot is a popular remedy for jaundice in Europe (Yusuf et al. 2009).

EtOH(50%) extract of root is effective on isolated coronary vessels of rats. Acquous extract of seeds is antiseptic and cardiotonic; possesses antifertility activity; 60% inhibition of implantation and 80% of ovulation (Asolkar et al.,1992).


Chemical constituents:
Carrot contains a tertiary base with papaverine-like activity and the protoalkaloids, pyrrolidine and daucine. It also contains flavones, sugars and a quaternary base, enzymes, coumarins and volatile components, toxicants, carotatoxins, myristicin and falcarinol. α-humulene, β-farnesene, α-bergamotene, γ-munrolene and γ-disabolene are also found in the root. In addition, carrot contains β-carotene, lactic acid, cholesterol, luteolin 7-glycoside and 5 aglycones, 4 glycosides, lycopersene and ferulic, caffeic and chlorogenic acids.

Leaves contain glycosides, cholesterol, β-sitosterol, vitamin U and significant amounts of porphyrins, which stimulate the pituitary gland and lead to the release of increased levels of sex hormones. Seeds contain an essential oil, n-alkanes, β-sitosterol, glucose and amino acids. They also contain compounds with papaverine-like action, choline and a cholinergic active quaternary base (Ghani, 2003).  Essential oils obtained from seeds contain α-pinene, camphene, myrcene, car-3-ene, limonene, β-bisabolene, β-caryophyllene, β-selinene, carotol and daucol (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Cultivated throughout the country.