Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Gajor.
English name: Carrot.
Description of the plant:
A biennial herb, with thick, fusiform, orange-yellow root. Leaves triangular or oblong in outline, 2-3 pinnatisect into oblong-lanceolate, incised-dentate segments, those of the upper leaves liner-lanceolate. Flowers small, white in a compound umbels.
Rhizomes are antidysenteric, diuretic, carminative, tonic, cardiotonic, aphrodisiac, expectorant, stomachic and astringent to the bowels; cures piles, burning sensation, biliousness and tumours; good for asthma, hiccup, bronchitis, urinary complaints. It is also used as a remedy for leprosy, tumour, jaundice and inflammation of the spleen. Seeds are nervine tonic and aphrodisiac; recommended in dropsy, chronic diarrhoea, menstrual diseases and diseases of kindney. A decoction of carrot is a popular remedy for jaundice in Europe (Yusuf et al. 2009).
EtOH(50%) extract of root is effective on isolated coronary vessels of rats. Acquous extract of seeds is antiseptic and cardiotonic; possesses antifertility activity; 60% inhibition of implantation and 80% of ovulation (Asolkar et al.,1992).
Carrot contains a tertiary base with papaverine-like activity and the protoalkaloids, pyrrolidine and daucine. It also contains flavones, sugars and a quaternary base, enzymes, coumarins and volatile components, toxicants, carotatoxins, myristicin and falcarinol. α-humulene, β-farnesene, α-bergamotene, γ-munrolene and γ-disabolene are also found in the root. In addition, carrot contains β-carotene, lactic acid, cholesterol, luteolin 7-glycoside and 5 aglycones, 4 glycosides, lycopersene and ferulic, caffeic and chlorogenic acids.
Leaves contain glycosides, cholesterol, β-sitosterol, vitamin U and significant amounts of porphyrins, which stimulate the pituitary gland and lead to the release of increased levels of sex hormones. Seeds contain an essential oil, n-alkanes, β-sitosterol, glucose and amino acids. They also contain compounds with papaverine-like action, choline and a cholinergic active quaternary base (Ghani, 2003). Essential oils obtained from seeds contain α-pinene, camphene, myrcene, car-3-ene, limonene, β-bisabolene, β-caryophyllene, β-selinene, carotol and daucol (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Cultivated throughout the country.