Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Ankilata, Barasirkath.
Tribal name: Dandauphal (Chakma); Tha Su Noya (Marma).
Description of the plant:
A large woody scandent shrub or climber. Leaves pinnate, 10-15 cm long; leaflets 11-13, thickly coriaceous, 2.5-5 cm long, oblong or obovate-oblong. Flowers small, pale blue, in copious axillary and terminal panicles, 20-30 cm long. Pods 5-7 cm long, linear-oblong, obtuse.
The juice of the leaves is applied to aphthae and used as a gargle in sore throat. The root juice with cumin and sugar is given in gonorrhoea. The plant is used for gastritis in Khagrachari (Yusuf et al. 2009).
A glycosidic substance from leaves showed anti-inflammatory and antiarthritic activities and a new level of general toxicity (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Leaves contain glycosides, flavones, triacontane, myricyl alcohol, β-sitosterol, biochanin A, formononetin, tectoregenin and hydroxymethyl coumarin. Bark contains dalbergin, tectorigenin, tectoridin, cearoin, d-medicarpin and methoxy-tectorigenin, its glycosides, 7-O-methyltectorigenin and tectorigenin-7-gentiobioside. Wood contains friedelin. Flowers contain biochanin A and glycosides, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, volubilin, volubilinin, rhamnoside and isovolubilin (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagon Hill Tracts, Sylhet and North Bengal.