DALBERGIA VOLUBILIS Roxb.

Family: Fabaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Ankilata, Barasirkath.
Tribal name: Dandauphal (Chakma); Tha Su Noya (Marma).

Description of the plant:
A large woody scandent shrub or climber. Leaves pinnate, 10-15 cm long; leaflets 11-13, thickly coriaceous, 2.5-5 cm long, oblong or obovate-oblong. Flowers small, pale blue, in copious axillary and terminal panicles, 20-30 cm long. Pods 5-7 cm long, linear-oblong, obtuse.

Using information:
The juice of the leaves is applied to aphthae and used as a gargle in sore throat. The root juice with cumin and sugar is given in gonorrhoea. The plant is used for gastritis in Khagrachari (Yusuf et al. 2009).

A glycosidic substance from leaves showed anti-inflammatory and antiarthritic activities and a new level of general toxicity (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).


DALBERGIA VOLUBILIS
DALBERGIA VOLUBILIS Roxb.


Chemical constituents:
Leaves contain glycosides, flavones, triacontane, myricyl alcohol, β-sitosterol, biochanin A, formononetin, tectoregenin and hydroxymethyl coumarin. Bark contains dalbergin, tectorigenin, tectoridin, cearoin, d-medicarpin and methoxy-tectorigenin, its glycosides, 7-O-methyltectorigenin and tectorigenin-7-gentiobioside. Wood contains friedelin. Flowers contain biochanin A and glycosides, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, volubilin, volubilinin, rhamnoside and isovolubilin (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution:
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagon Hill Tracts, Sylhet and North Bengal.