DALBERGIA LATIFOLIA Roxb.

Family: Fabaceae

Bengali/vernacular name: Sit sal.
English name: Indian Rosewood, Bombay Blackwood.

Description of the plant:
A large tree reaching 24 m high, branches numerous, spreading. Leaves imparipinnate, 10-15 cm long, leaflets 5-7, firm, 3.2-6.3 cm long, nearly as broad as long, broadly ovate or suborbicular. Flowers small, greenish or yellowish-white in axillary or extra-axillary, lax, divaricate panicles usually shorter than the leaves. Pods 3.8-7.5 cm long, strap-shaped.

Using information:
Plant is bitter tonic, stomachic, stimulant; used in dyspepsia, diarrhoea, leprosy, obesity and worms (Yusuf et al. 2009).

EtOH(50%) extract of bark is spasmogenic and anthelmintic against Ascaridia galli (Asolkar et al.,1992).


dalbergia latifolia
DALBERGIA LATIFOLIA Roxb.


Chemical constituents:
Bark contains hentriacontane, β-sitosterols, sucrose, tannins, triacontane, dalbergichromene, lupeol, acetyloleanolic acid, γ-sitosterol, (R)-latifolin, (R)-4-methoxydalbergione, methyldalbergin and dalbergin. Heartwood contains (R)-dalbergione, 2,4,6-trimethoxyacetophenone, β-sitosterol, dalbergin, latifolin, dalbeginone, dalatinone, liquiritigenin, a phenanthrene-1,4-quinone and latinone.

The dermatitis causing allergens, methoxydalbergione and dimethoxydalbergione are present in wood. Seeds contain 4-phenylcoumarin, sisofolin and rotenoids, dalbin and OH-rotenoid, dalbinol. A new dihydroflavonol glycoside, aromadendrin-4′ - O- β -D-xylopyranoside, has been isolated from the aerial parts (Asolkar et al., 1992; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990; Ghani, 2003).

Distribution:
Sylhet, Sal forests of Dhaka-Tangail and North Bengal.