Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/vernacular name: Sit sal.
English name: Indian Rosewood, Bombay Blackwood.
Description of the plant:
A large tree reaching 24 m high, branches numerous, spreading. Leaves imparipinnate, 10-15 cm long, leaflets 5-7, firm, 3.2-6.3 cm long, nearly as broad as long, broadly ovate or suborbicular. Flowers small, greenish or yellowish-white in axillary or extra-axillary, lax, divaricate panicles usually shorter than the leaves. Pods 3.8-7.5 cm long, strap-shaped.
Plant is bitter tonic, stomachic, stimulant; used in dyspepsia, diarrhoea, leprosy, obesity and worms (Yusuf et al. 2009).
EtOH(50%) extract of bark is spasmogenic and anthelmintic against Ascaridia galli (Asolkar et al.,1992).
Bark contains hentriacontane, β-sitosterols, sucrose, tannins, triacontane, dalbergichromene, lupeol, acetyloleanolic acid, γ-sitosterol, (R)-latifolin, (R)-4-methoxydalbergione, methyldalbergin and dalbergin. Heartwood contains (R)-dalbergione, 2,4,6-trimethoxyacetophenone, β-sitosterol, dalbergin, latifolin, dalbeginone, dalatinone, liquiritigenin, a phenanthrene-1,4-quinone and latinone.
The dermatitis causing allergens, methoxydalbergione and dimethoxydalbergione are present in wood. Seeds contain 4-phenylcoumarin, sisofolin and rotenoids, dalbin and OH-rotenoid, dalbinol. A new dihydroflavonol glycoside, aromadendrin-4′ - O- β -D-xylopyranoside, has been isolated from the aerial parts (Asolkar et al., 1992; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990; Ghani, 2003).
Sylhet, Sal forests of Dhaka-Tangail and North Bengal.