DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) Beauv.

Eleusine aegyptiaca L.
Family: Poaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Makra.

English Name: Indian Millet.

Description of the Plant:
An erect or prostrate annual grass, rooting from the proliferously branched nodes; culms geniculately ascending, compressed, 2-3 noded. Leaves linear, tapering to a fine point, 2-10 cm long. Spikes 2-6, rarely solitary 0.5-4 cm long; spikelets 3-5-flowered, spreading at right angles, up to 3 mm long.

Using Information:
Grains are given to mother after childbirth suffering from bellyache. Decoction of seeds is used as alleviator of pains in the region of kidney. The herbaceous parts are applied externally for the cure of ulcers (Yusuf et al. 2009).


DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM
DACTYLOCTENIUM AEGYPTIUM (L.) Beauv.


Chemical Constituents:
The grass contains oxalic acid and oxalates, glutamic and aspartic acids, cystine and tyrosine. Presence of cyanogenic glycosides have also been reported. Roots contain saponins and carbohydrates (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution:
Throughout the country in fallow lands.