Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Makra.
English Name: Indian Millet.
Description of the Plant:
An erect or prostrate annual grass, rooting from the proliferously branched nodes; culms geniculately ascending, compressed, 2-3 noded. Leaves linear, tapering to a fine point, 2-10 cm long. Spikes 2-6, rarely solitary 0.5-4 cm long; spikelets 3-5-flowered, spreading at right angles, up to 3 mm long.
Grains are given to mother after childbirth suffering from bellyache. Decoction of seeds is used as alleviator of pains in the region of kidney. The herbaceous parts are applied externally for the cure of ulcers (Yusuf et al. 2009).
The grass contains oxalic acid and oxalates, glutamic and aspartic acids, cystine and tyrosine. Presence of cyanogenic glycosides have also been reported. Roots contain saponins and carbohydrates (Ghani, 2003).
Throughout the country in fallow lands.