Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Mutha, Nagarmutha, Bhadailla.
English Name: Nut Grass.
A slender, glabrous sedge; stolons slender, 10-20 cm long, bearing ovoid, black, fragrant tubers, 0.8-2.5 cm diam. Leaves shorter or longer than the stem, narrowly linear, 4-8 mm broad. Umbel simple or compound; rays 2-8, the longest reaching 7.5 cm long, bearing short spikes of 3-10 slender, spreading red-brown spikelets.
Tubers are astringent, digestive, tonic, stimulant, stomachic, diuretic, carminative, diaphoretic, emmenagogue and vermifuge. Decoction of the tubers is given in fever, diarrhoea, dyspepsia, and stomach complaints; infusion is useful in dysentery, vomiting and cholera. Fresh tubers are applied to the breast as galactagogue. Root paste is applied for healing wounds and sores.
Aquous extract of tubers is hypotensive in cats and cause systolic heart arrest in frogs; extract is potential anti-inflammatory, also antipyretic and analgesic. Aquous extract from MeOH extract is useful in conjunctivitis (Asolkar et al., 1992).
The nutty tubes/rhizomes contain an essential oil of antibiotic nature, consisting of mono-, sesqui- and triterpenoid compounds including patchoulenone, cyperonone, cyperotundone, a- and ß-rotunol and nor-sesquiterpenes, kobusone, iso-kobusone. Mustakone, copadien, epoxyguaiene, rotundone, cyperolone, oleanolic acid, its glycoside and ß-sitosterol have also been reported in essential oil.
Rhizome contains cyperene-1 (a tricyclic sesquiterpene), cyperene-2 (a bicyclic sesquiterpene hydrocarbon), cyperolone and a new sesquiterpenoid – sugetriol triacetate. Cyperene, ß-selinene, cyperenone and a-cyperone have also been isolated from rhizome (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).
Throughout the country in fallow lands.