CYPERUS IRIA L.

Family: Cyperaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Burachucha.

Description of the Plant

A glabrous, annual sedge; root fibrous. Stem tufted, 35-50 cm long, triquetrous. Leaves as long as the stem or shorter. Umbel decompound, of many primary rays, 2.5-12.5 cm long, bearing irregularly fascicled umbellules formed of narrow, interrupted spikes of 5-20 small, few-flowered spikelets, yellow or pale brown.

Using Information

The plant is tonic, stimulant, stomachic and astringent.

Chemical Constituents

Rhizome contains hentriacontanol (Asolkar et al., 1992). Presence of cyperene, caryophyllene, ?-cadinene, karacoline, a-cadinol, methyl 3,7,11-trimethyl-trans-2, trans-6, cis-9,11-dodecatetrraenoate, methyl 3,7,11-trimethyl-trans-2, trans-6, trans-9,11-dodecatetraenoate, methyl 3,7,11-trimethyl-11-hydroxy-trans-2, trans-6, trans-9-dode catrienoate and minor components-a-pinene, ß-pinene, limonene, p-cymene, linalool, a-copaene, ß-elemene, humulene, a-elemene, ß-selinene, germacrene, calamine, d-cadinene, methyl 3,7,11-trimethyl-trans-2-trans-6,10 dodecatrienoate have been reported in root oil (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

CYPERUS IRIA L.
CYPERUS IRIA L.

Distribution

All over Bangladesh in fallow lands and rice fields.


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