CYNODON DACTYLON Pers.

Family: Poaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Durba, Dubla, Durbaghas.

Tribal Name: Nimjamrao (Marma).

English Name: Dhub Grass, Bermuda Grass, Bahama Grass, Cough Grass.

Description of the Plant

A slender, perennial creeping grass forming matted tufts with slender erect or ascending flowering branches. Leaves 2-6 cm long, narrowly linear or lanceolate. Spikes 2-6, radiating from the top of a slender peduncle, 2.5-5 cm long.

Using Information

The plant is vulnerary, expectorant and styptic; used in piles, leucorrhoea, toothache, eczema, excessive menstrual discharges, stomatitis, epistaxis, bruises and hiccup. Fresh juice is demulcent, astringent and diuretic; used in fresh cuts and wounds to stop bleeding; also used in cases of dropsy, hysteria, epilepsy, insanity, chronic diarrhoea, dysentery and as an application in catarrhal ophthalmia.

Decoction of the roots is valuable in case of vesical calculus and in secondary syphilis. It is also useful in dysuria and irritation of the urinary organs.

CYNODON DACTYLON Pers.
CYNODON DACTYLON Pers.

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Chemical Constiteunts

The grass contains an essential oil, the triterpenoids, arundoin, lypinone and related compounds. It also contains proteins, carbohydrates and a number of organic acids. Agropyrene, possessing mild antimicrobial activity and triticin, having diuretic activity, have been isolated from this grass (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution

Very common grass throughout the country.