CURCUMA AROMATICA Salisb.

Family: Zingiberaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Ban Halud, Jangli Haldi.

English Name: Wild Turmeric, Yellow Zedoary, Cochin Turmeric.

Description of the Plant

A leafy rhizomatous herb; rhizome aromatic, deep yellow inside. Leaves 38-60 cm long, oblong-elliptic or oblong-lanceolate. Flowers in radical or terminal compact spikes, 15-30 cm long; flowers shorter than the bracts, lobes pale rose-coloured. Coma bracts long tinged with red or pink.

Using Information

It resembles similarity in use to that of Curcuma longa. Rhizome is tonic, carminative, appetizer, anthelmintic and blood purifier; externally applied to bruises and sprains and to promote eruptions of small-pox. Rhizome paste with benzoin is applied to forehead in headache.

Essential oil from rhizome is anthelmintic and antimicrobial. EtOH(50%) extract of the rhizome is spasmolytic (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents

Rhizome yields essential oil, containing curdione and curcumol, colouring matter, cucurmin, resin, mucilage, albumionoids, starch, gum and sugar (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution

Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts.


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