Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Ban Halud, Jangli Haldi.
English Name: Wild Turmeric, Yellow Zedoary, Cochin Turmeric.
A leafy rhizomatous herb; rhizome aromatic, deep yellow inside. Leaves 38-60 cm long, oblong-elliptic or oblong-lanceolate. Flowers in radical or terminal compact spikes, 15-30 cm long; flowers shorter than the bracts, lobes pale rose-coloured. Coma bracts long tinged with red or pink.
It resembles similarity in use to that of Curcuma longa. Rhizome is tonic, carminative, appetizer, anthelmintic and blood purifier; externally applied to bruises and sprains and to promote eruptions of small-pox. Rhizome paste with benzoin is applied to forehead in headache.
Essential oil from rhizome is anthelmintic and antimicrobial. EtOH(50%) extract of the rhizome is spasmolytic (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Rhizome yields essential oil, containing curdione and curcumol, colouring matter, cucurmin, resin, mucilage, albumionoids, starch, gum and sugar (Ghani, 2003).
Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts.