CURCULIGO ORCHIOIDES Gaertn.

Family: Hypoxidaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Talamuli, Tali, Kalamusli.

Tribal Name: Saktibinda (Garo).

English Name: Black Musale.

Description of the Plant

A small herb with stout, short or elongate rootstock and copious, fleshy root-fibres. Leaves sessile, 15-45 cm long, linear or linear-lanceolate, plicate. Flowers bright yellow, distichous, in a very short, clavate, flattened scape. Capsule 13 mm long, hypogaeous.

Actions & Used

Tuberous roots are bitter, aromatic, tonic, alterative, appetizer, demulcent, diuretic, and restorative; useful in bronchitis, ophthalmia, indigestion, lumbago, dyspnoea, gonorrhoea, gleet, dysuria, menorrhagia, leucorrhoea, menstrual derangements, piles, asthma, jaundice, diarrhoea, colic and pain in the joints.

The tubers are used as an ingredient in several medicines intended to act as aphrodisiacs. It is also used as a poultice for itch and skin diseases. Leaves are used in whitlaws. The tribal of Madhupur also use the tubers in sexual debility and leucorrhoea.

EtOH(50%) extract of plant is hypoglycaemic and anticancer (Asolkar et al., 1992).

CURCULIGO ORCHIOIDES Gaertn.
CURCULIGO ORCHIOIDES Gaertn.

Chemical Constituents

The plant contains flavone glycosides. Tubers contain cycloartane type triterpene glycosides, called curculigo saponins and curculigosides. They also contain phenyl glycosides, orcinol glycoside, corchioside A; hentriacontanol, alkaloid, lycorine. Roots contain an aliphatic MeO-ketone (Ghani, 2003).

Distribution

Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar, Nowabganj, Thakurgaon and Dinajpur, in forest floor.


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