Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Mistikumra, Mithakumra, Mithakadu.
Tribal Name: Kuma Shak, Jhum Kumra (Tanchangya).
English Name: Melon Pumpkin, Red Gourd, Squash Gourd, Sweet Gound.
Large hispid climbing herbs. Leaves nearly orbicular in outline, 5-angled. Flowers monoecious, solitary, yellow, large, campanulate, Fruit fleshy, large, and greatly varies in size and shape.
Fruit are diuretic, tonic, sedative, emollient and refrigerant; allays thirst. The fruit pulp is often used as a poultice to burns, inflammations and boils; it is also prescribed in migraine and neuralgia. The seeds are anthelmintic, diuretic and tonic; used as a remedy for tapeworm; its oil is nerve tonic.
Fruits contain vitamin A, starch, protein and sugar. Flowers contain flavonoids. Seeds yield 30% unsaturated fixed oil containing sterols and triterpenes; linoleic, oleic, linolenic acids; ß- and ?-tocopherols; carotenoides – luteolin, ß-carotene and a-carotene; cryptoxanthin and flavoxanthin.
Seeds also contain stigmasta-dienol, stigmasta-dienol acetate, euglobulins, cucurbitacins, vitamins and minerals and yield a resin having vermicidal properties. Plants contain saponins. (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).
Cultivated throughout the country.