Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Khira, Shasha.
English Name: Cucumber.
A hispidly hairy prostrate or climber. Leaves 12-18 cm long and broad, broadly cordate-ovate, angled a shallowly 3-5- lobed, villous-hispid. Male flowers fasiculate, corolla 2-3 cm long, yellow. Female flowers solitary or fasciculate, peduncle robust, yellow. Fruit oblong, short or long, green, turns rusty brown when mature.
Fruits are demulcent; applied externally to relieve inflammation. Cooling and refreshing fruit slices when applied to closed eyes, relieves pink eyes, sunburn and eyestrain. Seeds are cooling, tonic, diuretic and anthelmintic. Leaves along with cumin seeds are administered in throat affections.
Various parts of the plant contain sterols. Leaves contain free cucurbitasides B and C, feredoxin, stigmasterol, a-spinosterol and ß-spinasterol. Fruit contains rutin and volatile compounds. Fruits contain palmitic, stearic and oleic acids, their glycerides, sterols and squalene.
Seeds contain glucosides including cucurbitaside, sitosterol and stigmasta-7,22,25-trien-3ß-ol (Ghani, 2003; Rasrogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Cultivated all over Bangladesh.