CUCUMIS SATIVUS L.

Family: Cucurbitaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Khira, Shasha.

English Name: Cucumber.

Description of the Plant

A hispidly hairy prostrate or climber. Leaves 12-18 cm long and broad, broadly cordate-ovate, angled a shallowly 3-5- lobed, villous-hispid. Male flowers fasiculate, corolla 2-3 cm long, yellow. Female flowers solitary or fasciculate, peduncle robust, yellow. Fruit oblong, short or long, green, turns rusty brown when mature.

Using Information

Fruits are demulcent; applied externally to relieve inflammation. Cooling and refreshing fruit slices when applied to closed eyes, relieves pink eyes, sunburn and eyestrain. Seeds are cooling, tonic, diuretic and anthelmintic. Leaves along with cumin seeds are administered in throat affections.

Chemical Constituents

Various parts of the plant contain sterols. Leaves contain free cucurbitasides B and C, feredoxin, stigmasterol, a-spinosterol and ß-spinasterol. Fruit contains rutin and volatile compounds. Fruits contain palmitic, stearic and oleic acids, their glycerides, sterols and squalene.

CUCUMIS SATIVUS L.
CUCUMIS SATIVUS L.

Seeds contain glucosides including cucurbitaside, sitosterol and stigmasta-7,22,25-trien-3ß-ol (Ghani, 2003; Rasrogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution

Cultivated all over Bangladesh.


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