Family: Cucurbitaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Kharmuj

Tribal Name: Sinar (Tanchangya).

English Name: Musk Melon, Sweet Melon, Melon.

Description of the Plant

An annual creeping herb. Leaves about 7.5 cm diam, orbicular-reniform, 5-angled or lobed scabrous on both surfaces. Flowers large, yellow; male flowers fascicled, female solitary; corolla subcampanulate, 1.6 cm long, 5-lobed. Fruit spherical, ovoid, elongate or contorted.

Using Information

The pulp of the fruit is diuretic and beneficial in chronic or acute eczema. The ripe fruit is cooling, fattening, tonic, laxative, aphrodisiac and diuretic; cures biliousness, insanity, ascites and allays fatigue.

The seeds are lachrymatory, diuretic, cooling, tonic and nutritive; used in ophthalmia, liver and kidney troubles, bronchitis, burning of the throat, chronic fever, painful discharges and supression of urine. They are also beneficial to the enlargement of prostate gland.


Chemical Constituents

Fruit stalk contains cucurbitacin B and E, cucurbitin and sterols. Fruit contains ferulic, catteic and chlorogenic acids. Seeds contain an edible fixed oil. The seed meal is rich in protein and essential amino acids (Ghani, 2003). Korean plant contains ß-sitosterol, 70% of total sterols (Asolkar et al., 1992).


Chittagong Hill Tracts (Cultivated in Jhum) and ocationally in other places.

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