Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Kharmuj
Tribal Name: Sinar (Tanchangya).
English Name: Musk Melon, Sweet Melon, Melon.
An annual creeping herb. Leaves about 7.5 cm diam, orbicular-reniform, 5-angled or lobed scabrous on both surfaces. Flowers large, yellow; male flowers fascicled, female solitary; corolla subcampanulate, 1.6 cm long, 5-lobed. Fruit spherical, ovoid, elongate or contorted.
The pulp of the fruit is diuretic and beneficial in chronic or acute eczema. The ripe fruit is cooling, fattening, tonic, laxative, aphrodisiac and diuretic; cures biliousness, insanity, ascites and allays fatigue.
The seeds are lachrymatory, diuretic, cooling, tonic and nutritive; used in ophthalmia, liver and kidney troubles, bronchitis, burning of the throat, chronic fever, painful discharges and supression of urine. They are also beneficial to the enlargement of prostate gland.
Fruit stalk contains cucurbitacin B and E, cucurbitin and sterols. Fruit contains ferulic, catteic and chlorogenic acids. Seeds contain an edible fixed oil. The seed meal is rich in protein and essential amino acids (Ghani, 2003). Korean plant contains ß-sitosterol, 70% of total sterols (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Chittagong Hill Tracts (Cultivated in Jhum) and ocationally in other places.