CRYPTOLEPIS BUCHANANI Rome. & Schult.

Family: Asclepiadaceae

Tribal Name: Dudlat (Garo).

Description of the Plant

A large twining shrub. Leaves 7.5-12.5 cm long, elliptic-oblong or oblong-lanceolate. Flowers small, greenish yellow, in short paniculate cymes. Follicles 5-10 cm long, straight, divaricate, gradually tapering to a blunt point from middle.

Using Information

Various plant parts used in sores, ascites, dropsy, cholera, dysentery bodyache and snake-bite. Plants are given to children as a cure for rickets. Leaves are tonic. Root bark is used in rheumatism; paste is given internally in abdominal pain; pounded roots are given to women to increase milk.

EtOH(50%) extract of roots and stem is hypotensive, CNS depressant and antiamphetaminic (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents

Plant contains a pyridine alkaloid, buchanamine, a nicotinoyl gluco-alkaloid and triterpenoids. Leaves contain a cardenolide cardiac glycoside, crypyosin, a- and ß-amyrin; four alkaloids, quindoline, cryptolepine, cryptolepine HCl and hydorxycryptolepine, which strongly inhibited the growth of Gram-positive bacteria, (Ghani, 2003; Asolkar et al., 1992).

CRYPTOLEPIS BUCHANANI Rome. & Schult.
CRYPTOLEPIS BUCHANANI Rome. & Schult.

Distribution

Dhaka, Madhupur, Rajshahi, Jamalpur, Sylhet, Mymensingh and Chittagong Hill Tracts.


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