Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Tribal Name: Dudlat (Garo).
A large twining shrub. Leaves 7.5-12.5 cm long, elliptic-oblong or oblong-lanceolate. Flowers small, greenish yellow, in short paniculate cymes. Follicles 5-10 cm long, straight, divaricate, gradually tapering to a blunt point from middle.
Various plant parts used in sores, ascites, dropsy, cholera, dysentery bodyache and snake-bite. Plants are given to children as a cure for rickets. Leaves are tonic. Root bark is used in rheumatism; paste is given internally in abdominal pain; pounded roots are given to women to increase milk.
EtOH(50%) extract of roots and stem is hypotensive, CNS depressant and antiamphetaminic (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Plant contains a pyridine alkaloid, buchanamine, a nicotinoyl gluco-alkaloid and triterpenoids. Leaves contain a cardenolide cardiac glycoside, crypyosin, a- and ß-amyrin; four alkaloids, quindoline, cryptolepine, cryptolepine HCl and hydorxycryptolepine, which strongly inhibited the growth of Gram-positive bacteria, (Ghani, 2003; Asolkar et al., 1992).
Dhaka, Madhupur, Rajshahi, Jamalpur, Sylhet, Mymensingh and Chittagong Hill Tracts.