Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Sabarjala, Nanbhantur, Nanbhantui.
A large scandent shrub. Leaves, 5-7.5 cm long, oval, ovate to oblong-ovate, crenate-serrate, with 2 stipitate gland at base. Flowers small, dull yellowish-green, in a rather long stellate-pubescent raceme at the end of branchlets. Capsules large, woody, obscurely 3 cornered.
The leaves are applied as a poultice to sprains. Young leaf buds along with the leaves of Caesalpinia sappan are used for liver diseases. Decoction of the root is used against malaria.
EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts is hypotensive; of fruit, hypotensive, CNS depressant and diuretic (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Stem bark contains dotriacotanol, ß-amyrin and ß-sitosterol; diterpenes, teucridin (major), crotocaudin (minor) and iso-crotocaudin and a number of triterpenes (Ghani, 2003). Taraxerone, taraxerol and its acetate also isolated from the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Sylhet, on the hill slopes and scrub forests.