CROTON CAUDATUS Geisel.

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Sabarjala, Nanbhantur, Nanbhantui.

Description of the Plant

A large scandent shrub. Leaves, 5-7.5 cm long, oval, ovate to oblong-ovate, crenate-serrate, with 2 stipitate gland at base. Flowers small, dull yellowish-green, in a rather long stellate-pubescent raceme at the end of branchlets. Capsules large, woody, obscurely 3 cornered.

Using Information

The leaves are applied as a poultice to sprains. Young leaf buds along with the leaves of Caesalpinia sappan are used for liver diseases. Decoction of the root is used against malaria.

EtOH(50%) extract of aerial parts is hypotensive; of fruit, hypotensive, CNS depressant and diuretic (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents

Stem bark contains dotriacotanol, ß-amyrin and ß-sitosterol; diterpenes, teucridin (major), crotocaudin (minor) and iso-crotocaudin and a number of triterpenes (Ghani, 2003). Taraxerone, taraxerol and its acetate also isolated from the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

CROTON CAUDATUS Geisel.
CROTON CAUDATUS Geisel.

Distribution

Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Sylhet, on the hill slopes and scrub forests.


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