CROTALARIA VERRUCOSA L.

Family: Fabaceae

Bengali/Vernacular Name: Jhanjhania, Bansan.

Tribal Name: Moah Soyaleh, Mack Soleh (Marma).

Description of the Plant

A much-branched herb up to 1 m high, branches angled. Leaves 5-15 cm long, ovate-rhomboid or ovate-deltoid, obtuse. Flowers bluish-purple in terminal or lateral 12-20 flowered racemes, 15-20 cm long. Pods 2.5-3 cm long, oblong, inflated, black, hairy.

Using Information

The leaves are expectorant and emetic; cure biliousness, dyspepsia, fever, throat and mouth diseases and heart complaints. It is used both internally and externally for scabies and impetigo and in diminishing salivation. Leaf extract is applied to soothe skin allergies in Rema-Kalenga.

EtOH(50%) extract of the plant is CNS depressant and diuretic (Asolkar et al., 1992).

Chemical Constituents

Seeds contain a number of pyrrolizidine alkaloids including crotalaburnine, crotaverrine, iso-senkirkine, isosenkirkine acetate, crotaverrine, crotaverrine acetate and also ß-sitosterol. Seeds also contain flavonoids - isovitexin, vitexin-4'-xyloside, vitexin-O-glycoside and apigenin-O-glycoside.

CROTALARIA VERRUCOSA L.
CROTALARIA VERRUCOSA L.

Leaves contain tropane alkaloids. Fixed oil of stem contains taraxerol, ß-sitosterol and a large number of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. (Ghani,2003; Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1993).

Distribution

Chittagong, Khulna, Mymensingh, Rajshahi, Sylhet in fallow lands.


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