Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Jhanjhania, Bansan.
Tribal Name: Moah Soyaleh, Mack Soleh (Marma).
A much-branched herb up to 1 m high, branches angled. Leaves 5-15 cm long, ovate-rhomboid or ovate-deltoid, obtuse. Flowers bluish-purple in terminal or lateral 12-20 flowered racemes, 15-20 cm long. Pods 2.5-3 cm long, oblong, inflated, black, hairy.
The leaves are expectorant and emetic; cure biliousness, dyspepsia, fever, throat and mouth diseases and heart complaints. It is used both internally and externally for scabies and impetigo and in diminishing salivation. Leaf extract is applied to soothe skin allergies in Rema-Kalenga.
EtOH(50%) extract of the plant is CNS depressant and diuretic (Asolkar et al., 1992).
Seeds contain a number of pyrrolizidine alkaloids including crotalaburnine, crotaverrine, iso-senkirkine, isosenkirkine acetate, crotaverrine, crotaverrine acetate and also ß-sitosterol. Seeds also contain flavonoids - isovitexin, vitexin-4'-xyloside, vitexin-O-glycoside and apigenin-O-glycoside.
Leaves contain tropane alkaloids. Fixed oil of stem contains taraxerol, ß-sitosterol and a large number of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. (Ghani,2003; Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1993).
Chittagong, Khulna, Mymensingh, Rajshahi, Sylhet in fallow lands.