Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh
Medicinal Plants Database of Bangladesh includes the authentic Taxonomic Information, Vernacular/Bangla Name, Tribal and English Name, Family, Description and Photograph of the Plants, Chemical Constituents, Uses and Distribution of the species in Bangladesh. MPBD also contain dictionary of Botanical and Pharmacological terms.
Synonyms: C. sericea Retz.
Bengali/Vernacular Name: Jhunjhun, Jhumjhumo, Pipuli jhanjhani.
An undershrub up to 2 m high; branches stout, striate. Leaves 5-15 cm long, very variable in breadth, oblong-lanceolate or obovate lanceolate, finely silky beneath. Flowers yellow, in elongate terminal 20-50 flowered racemes, 25-30 cm long. Pods linear-oblong, inflated, 2.5-5 cm long.
Plants are used in scabies and impetigo; poisonous to livestock, cause hepatic disease. Rats fed on seeds developed pulmonary hypertension (Asolkar et al., 1992).
EtOH(50%) extract of the plant is spasmolytic. Alcoholic extract of the plant possesses poor antibacterial activities (Singha et al., 1993).
a-carotene, triacontane, 22, 23-dihydrostigmasterol and alkaloids – sericine and monocrotaline have been isolated from seeds (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1990).
More or less throughout the country in fallow lands.